13.4% of patients who were diagnosed as malnourished received either parenteral or enteral nutrition during their hospital stay.
Enteral nutrition is preferred over parenteral nutrition because it is cheaper and has a lower risk of complications (especially infection).
1. Corkins, M., Guenter,
P., DiMario-Ghalili, R., Jensen, G., Malone, A., Miller, S., Patel, V.,
Plogsted, S., Resnick, H. Malnutrition Diagnoses in Hospitalized
Patients. Journal of Pareneteral and Enteral Nutrition. 2014; 38(2):
2. Hyeda A, Costa ÉSMD.
Economic analysis of costs with enteral and parenteral nutritional
therapy according to disease and outcome. Einstein (Sao Paulo).
Hospitalized malnourished patients are at an increased risk for complications such as pressure ulcers, infections, and falls.
Enteral nutrition can be used to prevent malnutrition.
1. M. Isabel T.D. Correia,
Refaat A. Hegazi, Takashi Higashiguchi, Jean-Pierre Michel, B. Ravinder
Reddy, Kelly A. Tappenden, Mehmet Uyar, Maurizio Muscaritoli,
Evidence-Based Recommendations for Addressing Malnutrition in Health
Care: An Updated Strategy From the feedM.E. Global Study Group, Journal
of the American Medical Directors Association, 2014; 15(8); 544-550.
Hospital patients on enteral nutrition often receive only 45-65% of the ordered nutrition. 
Approximately one-third of patients arrive at the hospital malnourished. 
1. Parrish, C., McCray, S.
Part I Enteral Feeding Barriers: Pesky Bowel Sounds & Gastric
Residual Volumes. Practical Gastroenterology. 2019; 183: 35-50.
2. Tappenden, K.,
Quatrara, B., Parkhurst, M., Malone, A., Ganjiang, G., Ziegler, T.
Critical Role of Nutrition in Improving Auality of Care: An
Interdisciplinary Call to Action to Address Adult Hospital Malnutrition.
Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. 2013; 37(4): 482-497.
Addressing malnutrition early in the hospital reduced the average length of stay by 3.2 days in a Johns Hopkins study.*
This also provided a substantial cost savings of $1,514 per patient.*
* Tappenden, K., Quatrara, B., Parkhurst, M., Malone, A., Ganjiang, G.,
Ziegler, T. Critical Role of Nutrition in Improving Auality of
Care: An Interdisciplinary Call to Action to Address Adult Hospital
Malnutrition. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. 2013; 37(4):